Importance of Functionality in Realizing Sustainability of Low Cost Apartments in Surabaya, Indonesia

Rika Kisnarini, Emilia van Egmond, Masi Mohammadi


This paper researches daily household activities and use of space at low cost apartments in Surabaya, Indonesia. In-depth interviews on where & how much space required for activities were done. Functionality is assessed by standards and classified as highly, functional, less, and non-functional. Findings: 13 of 14 apartments have open floor plans with no fixed partitioning; 70% families tend to separate private from the more public space; families entertain, eat, iron, play, work and relax while watching TV in the more public space of multi-functional zone in the unit. Units are concluded less sufficient especially for multi-functional and toilet spaces. It is recommended that unit area of 18 m2 be discontinued. To be functional, developed unit should be at least 32 m2.


functionality, low cost apartments, users’ activities, Surabaya, sustainability

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DOI: 10.7250/aup.2012.005


1. Environmental behavior analysis of social housing units in Surabaya, Indonesia
Ni Putu Aryani, Kung Jen-Tu
Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering  vol: 20  issue: 4  first page: 398  year: 2021  
doi: 10.1080/13467581.2020.1799796


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